►Greek Mythology: „Poseidon, The God of Sea“.-

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►Greek Mythology: „Poseidon, The God of Sea“: „Neptune and Triton“ by Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1620-1622). Victoria and Albert Museum of London. __________________________________________________________________________ Poseidon (Roman equivalent: Neptune), was a son of Cronos and…

Neptune – Roman god influenced by Greek aesthetics

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Neptune with Trident Neptune with Trident uploaded by Steve via Flickr

Neptune originally was the Roman god of freshwater, including rain and fertility. Later in 399 BCE Neptune become identified with the Greek sea god Poseidon. His wife was Salacia.

The powerful and militaristic Romans eventually made Greece a province of Rome in 146 BCE but they were strongly influenced by the rich depth of Greek myth and culture.

So depictions of Neptune in mosaics, especially around North Africa, were strongly imbued with Greek aesthetics.

Like the Greek Poseidon, Neptune was additionally worshipped by the Romans as Neptunus Equester, the god that overlooks horse-racing.

Also from the Greek tradition, Neptune was the brother of Jupiter and Pluto. The three brothers governed the heavenly, earthly and underworld realms.

English: At Victoria and Albert Museum, London... Neptune and Triton at Victoria and Albert Museum, London, England – Wikipedia

Neptune had two main temples of worship in ancient Rome. His festival was…

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The Frankish motif appearing in JEM & Jews as Franks

The Apollonian Transmission

In the contemporary JEM we will discover an interesting phenomenon. Jewish artist naming characters intended as Jews by names deriving from Karl and Frank or Franklin. The meanings of the names naturally contain the answer to this phenomenon.[1]

In the Scandinavian languages, Karl shares a root with the noun churl. There it meant “freeman.” In the Old English, it would mean more simply “man” though more specifically “husband.” Eventually it would mean “non-servile peasant.” The churl was understood as the lowest rank of freeman ostensibly epitomizing the opposite of nobility or royalty.

In the English language, the word churl itself would, by the 19th century, come to mean a loutish, rude or surly person and the word carries that sense today. One perhaps relevant myth appearing in the Poetic Edda, describes Odin, disguised as a figure named Rig, fathering the three classes of men, Earl, Karl and Thrall.

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Celtic Mythology as example of Promethean Transmission

The Apollonian Transmission

The tone of the Celtic myth, as it has come down to us, is wholly distinct from the Norse myth. Here we encounter less youthful anxiety, cataclysmic violence, gallows’ humor and simple madness. Though there is certainly violence and warriorhood.

Readers may not have to be reminded that the Celts, particularly in the regions from which these myths originate, such as Ireland and Wales, are of a more admixed nature than the Nordic types that would come to dominate. Here “Phoenician” admixture is perhaps likely. The Pataikoi that the Phoenicians bore on the front of their ships, refers to the proto-Jewish Ptah or Vulcan.

On the other hand, Promethean Transmission may have occurred at any later point via merchants, priests, shamans or „druids,” and perhaps at a much later date.  And our suspicion is merely increased here with the appearance of Biblical figures like Lamech and Noah in central Celtic…

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AXIS MUNDI in Greek and Roman Landscapes

formsandlandscapes

Landscape Traditions Blog 1 Assignment: Is Axis Mundi evident in Greek and Roman landscape traditions?

Axis Mundi is a term used to describe a common belief, found in many early civilizations, in the connection between the earth and the heavens or gods through central locations or vertical vessels. The concept was evident in many early artworks, architecture and land designs. „Axis Mundi“ literally translates as „world axis“ and includes countless examples throughout society from skyscrapers to the story of Jack and the Beanstalk. 

In Greece we see the transition from citizens connecting to the spiritual world through holy sites to a centering on city life and secular pursuits. 

The Greeks demonstrated a belief in Axis Mundi in several sites:

„The ancient Greeks regarded several sites as places of earth’s omphalos (navel) stone, notably the oracle at Delphi, while still maintaining a belief in a cosmic world tree and in Mount Olympus as the abode of the…

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Praying for crops and civilization: The Demeter cult at Megara

Landscape and Memory in the Ancient World

2754552_249px Remains of a temple in Megara

Walking from ancient Corinth to Megara, a person would have to cross the rough terrains and the wild nature of the Isthmus, the narrow strip of land connecting the Peloponnesos with northern Greece. Any traveler would have to venture across steep, barren hill slopes, after which one would cautiously pass through thick underbrush, hoping he would not be unpleasantly surprised by vicious bandits. Leaving the treacherous woods behind, one would pass through febrile marshes, after which the terrain would get higher, until the traveler would reach the extremely dangerous pass, called the Kaka Skala, which translates as Evil Staircase. Shuffling over the narrow paths, a traveler would probably try not to look over the edge of the cliffs while trying to drag his petrified oxen along, one hand clamping the reins and the other sliding along the mountainside. When the terrain would lower and…

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