AXIS MUNDI in Greek and Roman Landscapes


Landscape Traditions Blog 1 Assignment: Is Axis Mundi evident in Greek and Roman landscape traditions?

Axis Mundi is a term used to describe a common belief, found in many early civilizations, in the connection between the earth and the heavens or gods through central locations or vertical vessels. The concept was evident in many early artworks, architecture and land designs. „Axis Mundi“ literally translates as „world axis“ and includes countless examples throughout society from skyscrapers to the story of Jack and the Beanstalk. 

In Greece we see the transition from citizens connecting to the spiritual world through holy sites to a centering on city life and secular pursuits. 

The Greeks demonstrated a belief in Axis Mundi in several sites:

„The ancient Greeks regarded several sites as places of earth’s omphalos (navel) stone, notably the oracle at Delphi, while still maintaining a belief in a cosmic world tree and in Mount Olympus as the abode of the…

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