Augustine’s City of God, I: Origins and Cultural Critique

Discourses on Minerva

Saint Augustine of Hippo is arguably the most influential Christian philosopher and theologian who ever lived.  This is not to say he is unique among Christians; several of his writings reaffirmed already prevailing orthodoxy from the first through fourth century church fathers.  However, his reading of the Scriptures—especially Saint Paul—his theological anthropology (concerning the human will, heart, and mind), and his vigorous defense of the goodness of corporeality (against the Manicheans) had consequential reverberations throughout the Latin West and become central to the formation of Catholic orthodoxy and held tremendous sway on many of the Reformers, including Calvin, Zwingli, and Luther.  While he authored important and equally influential works like Confessions, De Doctrina Christiana (On Christian Doctrine), and De Trinitate (On the Trinity), as well as lesser known but important works like Enchiridion and thousands of sermons and letters, we will primarily examine Augustine’s most consequential work of theology…

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