The Life and Philosophy of Plato

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Plato lived in the city of Athens in Ancient Greece following the conclusion of the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.E.) and before the rise of Macedonia and the military campaigns of Alexander the Great (336-323 B.C.E.) It is interesting if we consider the lives of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, each latter a student of the former, and how they were influenced by historical events. After Sparta defeated Athens the democratic government was dissolved, and instead the city was ruled by the Thirty Tyrants. As the name suggests the new rulers of Athens did not respect the traditional norms of the city. Socrates was connected to some of the Thirty Tyrants by way of the family on his mother’s side, and a few of his students were anti-democratic supporters of Sparta.[1] Socrates’ condemnation to death by democratic government of Athens after the rule of the Tyrants makes more sense when we…

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