Comparison of the Development of Early Civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China, and Mesoamerica
History 20 at West Hills College
Professor Rene Sanchez
November 16, 2012
The purpose of this paper is to compare the developments and features of the early civilizations of Mesopotamia (Sumer), Egypt, India (Indus River Valley, Harappa), China (Shang dynasty), and Mesoamerica (Olmec), starting from the creation of villages to the formation of civilizations. These civilizations appear to have developed in response to their environment and in reaction to their human need for survival and security.
The first human civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus River Valley, and China (but not Mesoamerica) all developed around rivers; as such they were called alluvial, or located in the plains surrounding a river. For Mesopotamia and Egypt, controlling where the water went, using irrigation, was critical to their survival. Irrigation allowed water to be used farther away from…
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