The Witches Sabbat. Francisco de Goya (1789).
It has been claimed that the origins of the ‚horned god‘ are during the Aurignacian and Magdalenian of the Palaeolithic period (Murray, 1932) as suggested by the cave painting of the so-called ’sorcerer‘ in the Caverne des Trois Freres. The figure seems to be performing a ritual, possibly shamanic, in disguise. The Palaeolithic cave painting the ’sorcerer‘ was regarded as a singular horned god or human wearing horns (Purkiss, 2006), where additionally Murray (1970) stated that the Stag-Man was the „…most important of the horned figures of the Palaeolithic period…figures usually represented with the horns of a goat or chamois…“. However, Margaret Murray’s interpretation of , and theory concerning, the image been rebutted at a later date (Hutton, 2006).
The ’sorcerer‘ at Les Trois Freres, Lascaux circa 13000 BCE. Public domain.
The horned god or figure appears during the Bronze Age, originally in the Near East, Mesopotamia, and in India with many…
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