Mesh (Mitra) and ṛtá (arta)

Cradle of Civilization

Mitra (Sanskrit Mitrá) is an important divinity of Indic culture, and the patron divinity of honesty, friendship, contracts and meetings. He is a figure of the Rigveda, distinguished by a relationship to Varuna, the protector of ṛtá. The word ṛtá, order, is also translated as „season“.

There may be some relation with the Zoroastrian divinity Mithra (Mitra), possibly descending from a Proto-Indo-Iranian mitra, „contract“ or „binder“. He is originally ‚agreement‘ (between tribes) personified.

Mithra (Avestan: Mitra, Old Persian: Miça) is the Zoroastrian angelic divinity (yazata) of covenant and oath. In addition to being the divinity of contracts, Mithra is also a judicial figure, an all-seeing protector of Truth, and the guardian of cattle, the harvest and of the Waters.

The term Mithra is from the Avestan language. In Middle Iranian languages (Middle Persian, Parthian etc.), Mithra became Mihr, from which Modern Persian Mihr, Northern Pashto Nwar, Waziri Pashto Myer and…

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