GOD IN THE AXE – Celtic Ceremonial Axes from Horné Orešany (Slovakia)

Balkan Celts

UD: September 2019

Intro - Horné Orešany 1

The Celtic hillfort at Horné Orešany is situated in the Trnava district in western Slovakia, in the Little Carpathian mountains above the village. The double rampart ring of the hill fort with an area of 2 ha was discovered in the early part of this century by ‘treasure hunters’ and greatly damaged by illegal excavations.


Archaeologically confirmed early La Têne sites in western Slovakia

(On the early La Têne chieftain’s burial from Stupava see: https://balkancelts.wordpress.com/2014/09/18/the-burial-of-a-celtic-chieftain-from-stupava-slovakia/ )

Research studies at the Horné Orešany site subsequently identified a massive amount of material dating from the Hallstatt to middle La Têne periods, with the vast majority pertaining to the early La Têne era (5/4 c. BC). From the interior of the hillfort evidence of blacksmith activities and jewellery production was identified, including 11 animal- and human-headed brooches, 10 bird-headed brooches and dozens of box-shaped belt hooks. Further discoveries (mostly by…

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Aisus — The Carnutian Nemeton

Depictions/Inscriptions Pilier des nautes – (CIL XIII, 3026; RIG L2-1) (Depiction with an Inscription) this depiction is him trimming a tree the tree is thought to be a willow. A relief from Treves (Depiction) Thisdepiction is him trimming a tree with a bull and three birds in the tree. An Inscription from Cherchell, Algeria AE 1985, 00934 The Inscription […]

Aisus — The Carnutian Nemeton

Doggerland – A Mesolithic Landscape

The Heritage Journal


All oceans, waterfalls, pools, rivers and streams came from the giant Ymir’s blood. Nordic Creation Myth

A fascinating radio programme tracing the land that once existed and joined Great Britain and the continent. The programme which was broadcast last Saturday can be found here on BBCi Player

Open Country – Helen Mark explores a land lost beneath the waves near Craster on the Northumbrian coast.  Archaeologists, with the help of storyteller Hugh Lupton, evoke the contours of Doggerland, reclaimed by the North Sea at the end of the last Ice Age.

There is also an interesting book that charts this landscape under the sea..

Europe’s Lost World – the rediscovery of Doggerland, written by Vincent Gaffney, Simon Fitch & David Smith.

More information here;

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Doggerland: How did the Atlantis of the North Sea sink?

Tallbloke's Talkshop

Hypothetical map of Doggerland [image credit: ancient-origins.net]
This seems semi-topical on the day Britain signs off on its new deal with the EU countries. Going back into history, but not all that far back, the river Thames flowed into the Rhine. North Sea trawlers still find bones of mammoths and other such fossils in their nets today.
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For a long time, scientists believed that a powerful tsunami destroyed Doggerland 8,200 years ago, says DW.com.

Sediment analysis now suggests that the land once connecting Great Britain with the rest of Europe had a later demise.

Around 10,000 years ago, at the end of the last ice age, the sea level in northern Europe was still about 60 meters (197 feet) below what it is today.

The British Isles and the European mainland formed a continuous landmass.

Relatively large rivers crossed this landmass, but in a different way…

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Waterscapes in Nordic Mythology: The Gods of the Sea — Whispers of Yggdrasil

This is the second part of these very short series on „Waterscapes in Nordic Mythology“, this time focusing on the Old Norse gods of the sea, understanding their attributes in the myths which helps us to reflect upon the emotions lived and experienced by human communities by the contact with the natural landscape, reconciling with […]

Waterscapes in Nordic Mythology: The Gods of the Sea — Whispers of Yggdrasil

Olmec Civilization



  • The first civilization in the Americas arose in Mesoamerica, a cultural one extending from central Mexico to just above the Isthmus of Panama. The early cultures of Mesoamerica shared many beliefs and customs.
  • The cultivation of maize or corn was an important aspect in their way of life. Corn originated in Mesoamerica at about 2700 B.C. Corn descended from a wild grass called teosinte, native to the region, and evolved over thousands of years as people cultivated plants with larger seeds or kernels. The growing of corn and other vegetables such as beans and squash enabled Mesoamericans to settle down in permanent communities. Ample harvests of corn supported Omlec merchants, artisans, and rulers. Peasants labored to build monuments and work on other public projects when they were not toiling on their fields.
  • Around 1200B.C., villages located along the fertile banks of rivers flowing into the Gulf of Mexico near present-day Veracruz…

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The Power of Centre

Landscape and Monumentality

Rediscovering Ancient Cosmology and the Celtic Goddess
at the Omphalos Sites of the British Isles

A new book by Gary Biltcliffe and Caroline Hoare

After visiting many Celtic sites around Europe, Gary Biltcliffe and Caroline Hoare discovered that these ancient tribes marked their territory by locating and honouring its geographical centre or ‘navel’ by either using the nearest natural feature or by constructing mounds, stone monuments, and ceremonial earthworks and re-shaping sacred hills to create a link to the cosmos. In their new book The Power of Centre they reveal evidence at these centre-points of the worship of the ancient British goddess, dragon pathways aligned to the sun and crossroads where old trackways to the cardinal points meet. These principles of cosmology adopted by the Celts from the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Etruscans can still be found throughout the British Isles and Ireland and in some of the foundation plans of…

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