Netzwerk Megalithkultur

Experts now believe that megaliths stood at the very heart of ritual practice for the networks of communities scattered across western Europe later in the new Stone Age, or Neolithic period, that had begun around 10,000 B.C. Their function was both earthly and celestial: a focus for rites concerning the movement of the heavenly bodies […]

über Megaliths in the Ritual Landscape — Landscape and Monumentality


Das Zeichen der Acht

Saturday, 30 December 2017


48 superimposed photos of the sun, taken during a year, one per week, in the same place and time, in the Cathedral of Burgos. The highest point is the summer solstice and the lowest is the winter solstice.

Understanding this phenomenon is the key to designing accurate sun dials.

Interestingly, the pattern, called analemma, which the sun traces in the sky is in mathematics known as the symbol of infinity. How very fitting that it is this pattern that emerges as a result of the never ending spinning of the solar wheel…

read more in the interesting blog :

Entstehung des Steinzeithauses

Ein ereignisreiches Jahr liegt hinter uns. Was lange erhofft und worauf zielstrebig hingearbeitet wurde, ist nun endlich Realität geworden: Der Bau hat begonnen! Anlass genug einmal kurz inne zu halten und auf das Jahr zurück zu schauen – gleichwohl wir ja über die meisten Ereignisse im Blog aktuell berichtet haben. Nach umfänglichen Vorarbeiten seit dem […]

über Die Zeiteninsel im Jahr 2017 — Zeiteninsel-Blog

Lepenski Vir, Hausbau im 6. Jahrtausend BC

Friday, 8 December 2017

Natufian house

According to a report in Seeker, published in August 2017, researchers led by Tobias Richter of the University of Copenhagen have excavated a Natufian culture site in Jordan known as Shubayqa 1, which was occupied between 12,600 and 10,000 BC. The early radiocarbon date for the site, obtained through accelerator mass spectrometry, suggests that Natufians lived across the region of the Levant earlier than had been previously thought, and adapted to a wide range of habitats. The site could also offer scientists information on the transition from hunting and gathering to farming. Richter said the people living at Shubayqa 1 domesticated dogs as early as 12,000 BC. They produced art in the form of carved bone and stone figures. They also buried their dead. “Some have argued that this is evidence for the presence of ritual specialists—shamans—or some kind of group leaders,” Richter said. “What seems clear is that the Natufians had developed a complex symbolic cosmology and treated their dead with respect.”

They also built one of the world’s earliest stone buildings, complete with a stone-paved floor. A stone-lined fire pit, and food remains from birds, gazelle, and tubers, vegetables, and wild cereals and legumes were also uncovered.

This is the building the article is talking about:

In the article „High Resolution AMS Dates from Shubayqa 1, northeast Jordan Reveal Complex Origins of Late Epipalaeolithic Natufian in the Levant“ by Tobias Richter, Amaia Arranz-Otaegui, Lisa Yeomans & Elisabetta Boaretto, we can see the aerial view of Shubayqa 1 showing the main excavation area A/B and location of Shubayqa 1 (insert bottom left). And in the centre we can see the above house with the paved floor and the stone lined hearth, which is clearly trapezoid in its shape.

This is very very interesting. Because there is another site, in Serbia, full of trapezoid houses with paved floors and central lined hearth.

Lepenski Vir, located in Serbia, is an important archaeological site of the Mesolithic Iron Gates culture of the Balkans. The latest radiocarbon and AMS data suggests that the chronology of Lepenski Vir is compressed between 9500/7200-6000 BC. The late Lepenski Vir (6300-6000 BC) architectural development was the development of the Trapezoidal buildings and monumental sculpture…

The houses are completely standardized in design, and have a very distinct shape, built according to a complicated geometric pattern.

read more: Old European Culture/