Re’em

Sunday, 6 September 2020

A re’em, also reëm (Hebrew: רְאֵם), is an animal mentioned nine times in the Hebrew Bible. The Greek Old Testament (3rd-2nd c. BC) translated re’em as „unicorn“ which stayed as the main translation of this word until the end of the 19th century…

Then, in 1899, Johann Ulrich Duerst discovered that the word „re’em“ it was based on the Akkadian cognate „rimu“, meaning „Auroch“, the Eurasian wild cattle…This has been „generally“ 🙂 accepted today as the correct translation, „even among religious scholars“ 🙂….

Now, I would like here to talk about the folklore related to re’em. Which is really interesting as it is directly based on the ancient Hebrew solar cult from the time of the First Temple…You can find more about this cult in my post „Sun god from the First Temple„. Pic: Sun on the seal of the kingdom of Judah (739-687 BC)

Re’em in folklore: read more; http://oldeuropeanculture.blogspot.com/2020/09/reem.html

A vessel from Tepe Hissar

Sunday, 2 August 2020

Vessel from Tepe Hissar, a prehistoric site, continuously occupied between 5th to the 2nd millennium BC, Northeastern Iran. It depicts leopard and ibex (bezoar) goat

 

 
It seems that these two animals had a special significance for the people of Tepe Hissar…Here are two more bowls from the period 4500-4000 BC, one with Bezoar goats and one with leopards…
 
 
Bezoar and leopard were used in Western Asia, Mesopotamia and Central Asia as calendar markers for „rain season“, because their mating seasons (Bezoar: Nov-Jan and Leopard: Jan-Mar) span the middle of the rain season (Oct-May). 
 
Look at the flowing water and plant depiction on the middle vessel above…
 
This is the temperature and rain chard from the area where Tepe Hissar is located

Four living creatures

Monday, 15 April 2019

This is quarter shekel from the British Museum. Struck before 333 BCE, it is considered to be the first Jewish coin. Following the description in Ezekiel of the flying throne of Yahveh with wheels and wings, the image is interpreted as the representation of Yahveh, The God…

Ezekiel is a Hebrew prophet and the central protagonist of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible, which reveals prophecies regarding the destruction of Jerusalem and the first temple.

The author of the Book of Ezekiel presents himself as Ezekiel, the son of Buzzi, born into a priestly (Kohen) lineage. Apart from identifying himself, the author gives a date for the first divine encounter which he presents: „in the thirtieth year“. If this is a reference to Ezekiel’s age at the time, he was born around 622 BCE, about the time of Josiah’s reforms. His „thirtieth year“ is given as five years after the exile of Judah’s king Jehoiachin by the Babylonians, which according to Josephus happened in 598 BCE.

The vision Ezekiel had „in his thirtieth year“ and which turned him into a prophet was of Jahveh sitting on the throne carried by the „four living creatures“.

As I looked, a stormy wind came out of the north: a great cloud with brightness around it and fire flashing forth continually, and in the middle of the fire, something like gleaming amber. In the middle of it was something like four living creatures. This was their appearance: they were of human form. Each had four faces, and each of them had four wings…As for the appearance of their faces: the four had the face of a human being, the face of a lion on the right side, the face of an ox on the left side, and the face of an eagle; such were their faces…