A Medieval Criticism of Greek Myth — SENTENTIAE ANTIQUAE

Zitat

Vincent of Beauvais, Speculum Maius: “Let us come then to the Greeks so that we can see what they think about God. For the Greeks, saying that they were wise, became stupid – worse even than the Chaldeans – introducing the notion that there were many gods, some of them men and others women. They claimed […]

über A Medieval Criticism of Greek Myth — SENTENTIAE ANTIQUAE

Ancient Egyptian Creation Myths — The Eye of Ra

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I will share with you two versions of the Ancient Egyptian Creation Myths. Please note that multiple variants exist. These stories should not be taken literally, because Ancient Egyptians‘ myths are generally filled with metaphors and symbols. Each variant represents a different symbolic perspective, which enriches the general understanding of the gods and the universe. […]

über Ancient Egyptian Creation Myths — The Eye of Ra

Mythical Creatures: Medieval Mermaids — just history posts

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Mermaids are creatures that appear time and again throughout history and across cultures. Typically a mermaid is portrayed as having the top half of a woman, and the bottom half of a fish, though this sometimes varies slightly. The first known stories of mermaids come from Assyria around 1000BC; the goddess Atargatis, who was the […]

über Mythical Creatures: Medieval Mermaids — just history posts

Poseidons Waffe

The trident is the weapon of Poseidon, or Neptune, the god of the sea in classical mythology. In Hindu mythology it is the weapon of Shiva, known as trishula (Sanskrit for „triple-spear“). In Greek, Roman, and Hindu mythology, the trident is said to have the power of control over the ocean. Trident A trident is […]

über — Cradle of Civilization

Alpha&Omega

Aries and Libra – Alpha and Omega Mary the virgin (Virgo) and Jesus the fish (Pisces) The symbol of Libra is a simplified drawing of the setting sun, as it falls at dusk. This is also related to the origin of the letter omega in the Greek alphabet. Omega is the 24th and last letter of the Greek […]

über “I am the alpha and the omega” — Cradle of Civilization

Vom Löwen und der Schlange

Lion killing snake

I came across this very interesting object on edgarlowen.com auction site:

9764. ROMANESQUE MARBLE SCULPTURE. France or Northern Italy, Romanesque period, c. 11th-13th century. A free standing triangular sculpture, likely from an early church, with a man with unkept hair, most likely Jesus, grasping the head of a lion which in turn holds a serpent in its mouth. Clearly a highly symbolic piece though the exact meaning is somewhat obscure. 5.5 x 10.5 x 19 inches. Excellent condition, all original with no repair or restoration. Extremely rare and a very remarkable piece of early Christian iconography.

Though not certain, the symbology of this piece most likely refers to Psalm 91:11-13 „Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet.“ which is traditionally taken to refer to the defeat of Satan (represented by the serpent and the lion) by Jesus. The passage led to the Late Antique and Early Medieval iconography of Christ treading on the beasts, where beasts were most often depicted as lion and snake, both of which represented the devil, as explained by Cassiodorus and Bede in their commentaries on Psalm 91.  

The earliest and one of the most beautiful example of the depiction of the „Christ treading on the beasts“ scene can be found in the „Basilica of San Vitale“ in Ravenna which was built by Ostrogoths and completed by the 27th Bishop of Ravenna, Maximian, in 547 AD.

In my post „You will trample the great lion and the serpent“ I wrote that this scene could actually have a secret meaning linked to the solar cult, which Christianity was trying to replace at the time when this scene started to appear.

Summer starts on the 6th of May, Day of Jarilo, Beltine. Jarilo represents the sun’s heat, symbolized by the snake and the dragon. Funnily Jarilo was Christianized into St George, the Dragon killer 🙂 In Serbia, St Jeremija who is celebrated at the beginning of May is known as the Snake Saint. His day (1st of May according to the Julian calendar, 14th of May according to the Gregorian calendar) is the time when people perform magic ceremonies for protection from snakes…Interesting both names Jarilo and J(a)eremija have the root „jar“ meaning „bright heat“.

Summer ends on the 2nd of August, Day of Perun, Lughnasadh. Day of Perun falls in the middle of the Leo (Lion) zodiac sign.

So summer is the period between the Day of Jarilo (Snake) and the Day of Perun (Lion). And in the middle of the summer is Day of Svetovid, the Summer solstice. The point when Sun in the northern hemisphere reaches its highest point above the horizon.

Now have a look at „Christ treading on the beasts“ scene again:

Die Asen

Ursprünglich veröffentlicht auf Wissenschaft3000 ~ science3000: [ALT] WEDEN – CHRONIK der ASEN – alte Version [NEU] WEDEN – CHRONIK der ASEN Veröffentlicht am 02.01.2014 Wie der Titel schon sagt, geht es um die Asen und die Quelle dieser Chronik sind die Slawisch-Arischen Weden (russ. Славяно-Арийские Веды). Es wird allerdings etwas physiklastig sein. Inwieweit unser…

über Weden – Veden – Asen – jahrtausendealtes Wissen – UR-Kunden — Treue und Ehre

Der Sturz des Phaethon und seine Folgen

Abb. 1 Das berühmte Gemälde „Der Sturz des Phaethon“ von Peter-Paul Rubens, entstanden um 1604/1605. In der antiken Überlieferung vom Göttersohn Phaethon, der bei seiner Irrfahrt über den Himmel und dem nachfolgenden Sturz auf die Erde die Welt in Flammen setzt, erkennen nicht wenige ForscherInnen inzwischen den Nachhall eines wahrhaft kataklysmischen Ereignisses am Ende der […]

über Über die Wiederentdeckung eines bronzezeitlichen »katastrophischen Quartetts« — Gegen den Strom