Galatis Carnutiacos — The Carnutian Nemeton

The Carnutes were a powerful tribe that sat in the heart of Gaul (France) and occupied an extensive territory between the Sequana (Seine) and Liger (Lorie) Rivers. The map shows the estimated boundary of the territory of the carnutes. THE NAME The name of Carnutes would be framed by a Celtic *karno : irish *carn, […]

Galatis Carnutiacos — The Carnutian Nemeton

Five Mythical Birds from Around the World — Under the influence!

Birds have always played and important part in human culture and appear in the legends, myths and fables of people all around the world.  Presented here are five legendary and mythical birds from different parts of the world, each with their own folklore and fables attached.

Five Mythical Birds from Around the World — Under the influence!

Butt chewing

Friday, 7 May 2021

„Triumphant bull with flowing beard climbing the mountain“? It’s from the time of the First Dynasty of Ur…No one knows what it means because: „we have no written documents explaining it“…At least this is what we can read in „A Problem of Early Sumerian Art

Let’s see if we can come out with some sensible explanation for this scene…“Enki placed in charge of the whole of heaven and earth the hero, the youth Utu (Shamash), the bull standing triumphantly, audaciously, majestically…the great herald in the east of holy An…with a lapis-lazuli beard, rising from the horizon…“ from „Enki and the world order„…Here’s the majestic Shamash, depicted as a golden bull with long flowing „lapis lazuli“ beard…

Why? To understand this we need to know something about the source of water in Tigris and Euphrates…Well according to the Sumerian legends, the source of these two rivers is Enki.
In „Enki and the world order“ we read: „…Father Enki…he stood up full of lust like a rampant bull, lifted his penis, ejaculated and filled the Tigris with flowing water [after filling Euphrates]. He was like a wild cow mooing for its young in the wild grass…“
But the actual source of water in the two sacred rivers was to a smaller extent rain which fell during the wet half of the year (Oct/Nov-Apr/May), but majority of water in Tigris and Euphrates came from the snow melt in Anatolian highlands and Iranian Zagros mountains…
This snowmelt is caused by Young (spring) sun, Young Shamash…Here he is depicted on this seal in a short tunic climbing the sacred mountain towards Imprisoned Enki…To free him…

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Killing of the bull of heaven

Monday, 3 May 2021

Assyrian cylinder impression, MS 1989, Schøyen Collection, Norway, depicting Enkidu and Gilgamesh killing the Heavenly Bull…

The interesting bit is here: Epic of Gilgamesh, Table VI, 140-149.

Enkidu stalked and hunted down the Bull of Heaven.He grasped it by the thick of its tailand held onto it with both his hands,while Gilgamesh, like an expert butcher,boldly and surely approached the Bull of Heaven.Between the nape, the horns, and… he thrust his sword.After they had killed the Bull of Heaven,they ripped out its heart and presented it to Shamash.They withdrew bowing down humbly to Shamash.

This is actually very interesting. 

Bull is the ancient symbol of summer (May, Jun, Jul), the period which starts in Taurus…

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21 April AD 121 – Hadrian celebrates Rome’s 874th birthday with circus games (#Hadrian1900) — FOLLOWING HADRIAN

Every year, the Romans celebrated the birthday of their city on the 21st of April, the day on which, according to early traditions, Romulus founded Rome by tracing the pomerium, the sacred urban boundary separating the city (urbs) from the country (ager). The celebrations were held during the Parilia, a rural festival associated with flocks and……

21 April AD 121 – Hadrian celebrates Rome’s 874th birthday with circus games (#Hadrian1900) — FOLLOWING HADRIAN

The Roman Monarchy: Myth or History? — Lytham St Annes CA

Classics Ambassador and LSA CA Classics Competition Finalist 2020, Katherine Baker takes us back to 753BC and the foundation of Rome. The ancient civilisation of Rome is often remembered for its emperors; both the brutal tyrants and the benevolent leaders. Those who attended the LSA CA Classics Competition in March may already know about the […]

The Roman Monarchy: Myth or History? — Lytham St Annes CA

Cleansing the City — SENTENTIAE ANTIQUAE

Plutarch, Romulus 24 “Then a plague fell on the land, bringing unexpected death to people without sickness, also infecting the crops with barrenness and making the cattle stop reproducing. Drops of blood rained on the city too which added great superstition to the compulsory suffering. When similar things happened to the people in Laeurentum, it…

Cleansing the City — SENTENTIAE ANTIQUAE

Head cutters

Friday, 9 April 2021

Celts, „When their enemies fall, cut off their heads and fasten them about the necks of their horses….“ (Diodorus Siculus). A mounted Celtic warrior with what is interpreted as a decapitated head suspended from the neck of his horse. From Entremont (oppidum) France.

In case you are in doubt that this could be a severed head, have a look at this. One of the Celtic warrior statues from Entremont oppidium southeastern France. The warrior is sitting in a lotus position, with the cut off heads of his enemies on his laps. Reconstructed from fragments…

The head of a deceased person placed under a hand (of a seated hero?). The position of the head on the knee of a warrior almost certainly indicates it was one of the trophies accumulated during his life…From official Entremont site..

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