Pan – Goat of rain

Saturday, 12 December 2020

Pan is a great example of what happens when mythology based on a local climate gets exported to the place where climate is different…

The story of Pan starts on the Island of Crete, where the local climate is characterised by hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. The rainy season starts in October and lasts till March or even April.

The beginning of the Cretan rain season coincides with the beginning of the mating season of the Cretan Ibex.

Which is why in Minoan Crete Ibex was venerated as the goat which brought rain…And life… Which is why Ibexes are depicted on this Minoan fresco from Knossos flanking „the tree of life“…

By the way, the „tree of life“ is olive. And olives are harvested from late October, early November, at the beginning of the rain season…

The flowers depicted all around are crocuses, which also bloom from Late October, early November, at the beginning of the rain season…

 

So this fresco depicts the beginning of the rain season, when ibexes fight and mate, crocuses bloom and olives are ripe…

We know that the Ibex cult existed in Mycenae, to where it was most likely brought from Minoan Crete. We can see this from seals found in Mycenaean sites.

 

read more: http://oldeuropeanculture.blogspot.com/2020/12/pan-goat-or-rain.html

 

Onager

Saturday, 7 November 2020

There is something very interesting about the story „How King Midas got to have donkey’s ears“:

Pan and Apollo have a musical competition. Tmolus, god of the mountain of the same name located in Lydia, Anatolia, judged the competition. When Tmolus declared Apollo to be the winner, Midas, follower of Pan, objected as he believed that Pan was better musician. Apollo was so furious that Midas couldn’t hear that his music was better than Pan’s, that he turned the king’s ears into those of a donkey…
Is this just random rubbish? Why donkey’s ears? You would expect that if Apollo wanted to punish Midas for choosing Pan instead of Him, he would have given Midas goat’s ears, just like Pan’s?
Maybe the choice of ears has something to do with climate in this part of Anatolia.

 

We can see from this chart that the climatic year in Lydia is divided into hot dry part, summer (Apr/May – Sep/Oct) and cool wet part, winter (Sep/Oct – Apr/May)…