Ancient Aegeans in the Americas? — Novo Scriptorium

In this post we present and discuss information on the very intriguing subject of possible ancient Transoceanic journeys of the Aegeans towards the American Lands. From the very interesting paper titled “The forgotten Geographic and Physical – Oceanographic knowledge of the Prehistoric Greeks” (Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 43, 92-104) by I.D. Mariolakos […]

Ancient Aegeans in the Americas? — Novo Scriptorium

Neolithic seafarers

Tuesday, 21 July 2020

This is Pelješac peninsula on Croatia’s Dalmatian coast. 
 
 
In one of the caves near the tip of the peninsula, archaeologists have discovered prehistoric cultural deposits, about 4 meters thick, covering the entire local post-Mesolithic sequence…
Eleven occupation phases and sub phases span 6,000 years, from the Early Neolithic to the Illyrian Iron Age…
 
You can read about the lithic finds from Pelješac peninsula in the article „Lithic artifacts from nakovana (Pelješac): Continuity and change from early neolithic until the end of prehistory“ by S. Forenbaher and Zlatko Perhoč
 
Among many lithics found in the cave, a few were made from glossy and semi-translucent black obsidian…
The analysis of the obsidian has determined that it came from the Gabellotto Gorge area of the island of Lipari, just above Sicily…
 
 
This in itself is amazing…How the hell did Lipari obsidian end up on Pelješac in Neolithic??? But there is more…All other lithics from the cave were made of non local cherts…
The analysis of the material showed that it came from the mines located in Gargano Peninsula in Apulia region.

Trojan horse

Everyone knows what Trojan Horse is: a wooden horse  which Greeks left on the beach of Troy as a „present“ to the Trojans… 
Here it is, depicted on Vase, found on Mykonos, dated to ca. 670 BC, which makes it the earliest known graphic depiction of the Trojan Horse…
 
…the city was doomed when it took in that ‚horse‘, within which were all the bravest of the Greeks waiting to bring death and destruction on the Trojans…“ wrote Homer, describing the scene.
 
But the interpretation of what Homer was talking about as a giant wooden horse, could be a result of an misinterpretation of the term „hippos“…
 
Already in the 2nd century AD, Greek geographer Pausanias wrote that the idea of Greeks using a wooden horse was „not credible, even if the figure of the horse was in use to represent this legend“…
 
Today, Italian naval archaeologist, Francesco Tiboni says that he has found „the proof“ that the famous horse was actually a type of merchant ship which had horse figureheads on their prows and which Greeks called „hippos“ (horse).
Like this one, from a depiction of Phoenician ships found in the palaces of Assyrian kings from the 7th and 8th centuries BCE.
 
It is because of this that the Greeks called the Phoenician ships „horses“, and the Phoenicians „the horse people“. 
 
„Over the course of history, lots of academics have put forward the nautical interpretation“ of the term ‚hippos‘ Tiboni says, „But there was always something missing. As a naval archaeologist, I managed to put all the pieces together.“