Das Lamm und der Sommer

Thursday, 12 July 2018

Aries must die

In my post „Two crosses“ I talked about the division of the solar year using solar cross (solstices and equinoxes) and earth cross (quarter days). The second solar year devision is at the core of the Celtic and Serbian calendar.

In Celtic calendar the year is divided into two main parts (white and dark part of the year) by Bealtaine – the beginning of the summer and Samhain – the beginning of the winter.

In Serbian calendar the year is divided into two main parts (white and dark part of the year) by St George’s day – the beginning of the summer and St Mitar’s day – the beginning of the winter.

For sheep herders in Serbia these two dates had special meaning.

The beginning of the white part of the year, St George’s day, was the time of the year when lambing season was officially over. Lambs were separated from their mothers and milking season began. This was also the time when sheep were driven to the highland pastures where they would spend summer and autumn.

The end of the white part of the year, St Mitar’s day, was the time when the milking season ended and the sheep were driven back down into the valleys where they would spend the winter and spring.

Serbian customs and rituals related to the St George’s day are mostly remnants of the old pagan religion which was replaced by Christianity. And in the old pagan religion, St George was known as Jarilo, the bright, burning, scorching one. Interestingly the Celtic counterpart of Jarilo’s day, Beltane means „the day of the bright fire“…

These rituals start on the day before St George’s day.

The day starts early in the morning when young men and women go to the meadows and forests to pick medicinal herbs and flowers. The girls would then take the medicinal herbs and flowers to the nearest flowing water where they would make wreaths.

Some of these wreaths were ceremonially „drowned“ (thrown) in the river as an offering. Girls would also spray each other with water.

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Der Ursprung des Kreuzes

Monday, 25 July 2016

Two crosses

This is Sun’s sunlight cross. It marks the transitional points on the sunlight cycle in the northern hemisphere:
1. Winter solstice – the shortest day and the longest night
2. Spring equinox – the equal day and night
3. Summer solstice – the longest day and shortest night
4. Autumn equinox – the equal day and night

This is Earth’s, climate, vegetation cross. It marks the transitional points of the climatic, vegetative cycle in the northern hemisphere:

Celtic calendar:

1. Imbolc- the beginning of the spring
2. Bealtaine – the beginning of the summer
3. Lughnasa – the beginning of the autumn
4. Samhain – the beginning of the winter

Serbian calendar:

1. St Sava – the beginning of the spring
2. St George – the beginning of the summer
3. St Ilija – the beginning of the autumn
4. St Mitar – the beginning of the winter

As you can see the sun cross and earth cross are out of sync. The earth cross is rotated forward by 45 degrees and the earth circle cardinal points fall right in between the sun circle cardinal points. This is because the earth climatic, vegetative cycle lags behind the solar cycle.

Winter solstice (21st of December) is the the shortest day. So we would expect that this is also the coldest day. We would also expect that from that day on, as the days start getting longer, the days also start getting warmer. But this is not the case. The days do get longer, but the earth continues to cool. It is only at the beginning of February that we start seeing the first signs of the earth warming up. This is why the beginning of spring is at the beginning of February (Imbolc, St Sava (27th of January, but probably a replacement for the old Imbolc which is celebrated on the 1st of February)). The actual mid point is 4th of February.

Spring equinox (21st of March) is the moment when the day is as long as night. From that day the days are longer than nights. We would expect that this would mark the beginning of the summer. But the real heat does not start until the beginning of May. This is why the beginning of summer is at the beginning of May (Bealtaine, which is today celebrated on the 1st of May, but there are indications that it was once celebrated on the 6th of May just like St George’s day). The actual mid point is 6th of May.

Summer solstice (21st of June) is the longest day of the year. We would expect that this would also be the hottest day of the year. We would also expect that from that day on, as the days get shorter, the days also get colder. But that is not the case. The days do get shorter, but earth continues to warm. It is only at the beginning of August that we start seeing first sings of earth cooling down. This is why the beginning of autumn is at the beginning of August (Lughnasa which is today celebrated on the 1st of August but was once probably celebrated on the, 2nd of August, just like , St Ilija’s day). The actual mid point is 2nd of August.

Autumn equinox (21st of September) is the moment when the day is as long as night. From that day the days are shorter than nights. We would expect that this would mark the beginning of the winter. But the real cold does not start until the beginning of Novermber. This is why the beginning of winter is at the beginning of November (Samhain, St Mitar (8th of November, but probably the replacement for the old Samhain which is celebrated on the 31st of October)). The actual mid point is 5th of November.

This last drawing is the diagram of transformation of Sun’s sunlight cycle into Earth’s climatic, vegetative cycle.

The Sun cross transitions into the Earth cross. This transition is governed by the slow accumulation and release of the heat which is transferred from the Sun to the Earth through sunlight…

Does this golden cross which symbolizes this transition of light into heat into life energy remind you of anything?