Sunday, 22 March 2020

Twelfth Century stone relief, thought to represent Slavic Sun God Svetovid (Svantovit) holding cornucopia (horn of plenty). The stone was found in Altenkirchen, Rügen, Germany…

German chroniclers recorded that the main annual religious ceremony performed by the Baltic Slavs was performed at the end of the harvest at the beginning of November (Samhain?). And it involved Svetovid, his „drinking horn“, and giant breads…Probably like this one still made in Serbia for Christmas…

The priest looked at Svetovid’s horn to see if the drink in it was evaporating. If so, the harvest would be poor the next year, and the people should save something of their current harvest for next year. If the drink did not disappear, that foretold a bountiful year…

There was also there as an offering an oval-shaped honey cake which stood „almost as tall as a man“. The priest would stand behind it and would ask the people if they could see him. When they answered „yes“, he would then wished them that next year they should not see him at all…Meaning that the honey cake (bread) offered to the god next year would be even bigger, because the harvest would be even better… More in my post „Can you see me


Das Licht des Orion

Friday, 15 December 2017

Bowls from Los Millares

Los Millares is a Chalcolithic occupation site 17 km north of Almería, in the municipality of Santa Fe de Mondújar, Andalucía, Spain. The complex was in use from the end of the fourth millennium to the end of the second millennium BC and probably supported somewhere around 1000 people.

The site covers 2 hectares (4.9 acres) and comprises three concentric lines of stone walls, the outer ring the largest, running more than 650 feet with nineteen ‚bastions‘ and a gate guarded by foreworks. A cluster of simple dwellings lay inside the wall. The road to the site is guarded by four smaller outlying stone forts. There is an extensive cemetery of eighty passage grave tombs. The site was occupied between around 3200 BC and 1800 BC, when the Los Millares culture was replaced by El Argar civilisation.

Although primarily farmers, the inhabitants of Los Millares had crucially also learned metal working, especially the smelting and forming of copper. A large building containing evidence of copper smelting. Because of this, the site is considered highly important in understanding the transition from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age. The Los Millares culture eventually came to dominate the Iberian peninsula.

Pottery excavated from the site included plain and decorated wares including engraved bowls bearing oculus (a round or eye-like opening or design) motifs. Similar designs appear on various carved stone idols found at the site.

This is these ceramic bowls decorated with the „ocular“ motif. It was dated to the period 3200–2300 BC. The bowl is currently displayed in Ashmolean museum.

Here is another example from the Museum of Almeria.

So what about the meaning of this „occular“ decoration. The Ashmolean has this to say about it: „The meaning of the eye motif is unknown, but it must have had significance for Los Millares people. Some researchers believe that it may be related to the sun. Another interpretation is that it may represent an owl…

That this motif indeed represents eyes can be seen from the fact that it is framed with what looks very much like eyebrows. Also the same motif is found on idols exactly where eyes are supposed to be.